HANDWOVEN CAUCASIAN CARPETS & RUGS

All our rugs and carpets are completely hand knotted with the best quality pure sheep wool from Azerbaijan. 100% naturally colored handspun yarns are used in our workshops. When a rug is being woven, the original specific characteristics of the rug (Kazakh, Kuba, Shirvan or Karabakh) are taken into consideration. It means our rugs are made exactly the same way as the rugs were made for hundreds of years ago. The knot density, the thickness of the pile and the colors are being made according to original antique samples.

Size
Think of the rug as the foundation for your room. The rug should be big enough to anchor the furniture grouping, however rugs are not floor covering.

Your area rug should be placed proportionately in the room. For example, too small looks like a postage stamp. Too big covers all the hardwood.

In Dining rooms - Chairs should always remain on your rug, even when extended out. Measure the dining table & add a minimum 48" or 120 cm to length & width.

In Family rooms and Living rooms - Furniture can be placed on the rug, at the edge of the rug, or a combination of both. As a rule of thumb, 12"-18"or 30 cm-45 cm of flooring will frame your area-rug ( art ) in any room, setting the area apart and giving you maximum flexibility with furniture arrangements.

Special Design Rugs can be hung in a special place in your house.

Design
We mostly work with original Caucasian rug designs. But the clients who have a specific design in mind (for instance, to match an existing pattern), or who wish to create an entirely original design for their rug, are encouraged to contact us. We are pleased to work with you or your designer, to produce a beautiful rug to your unique specifications.

If you have your own design or your company logo, you want to emphasize, you can have that design incorporated into a custom rug. The resulting rug will complement your decor and really attract people's attention. Designs can be very simple or very detailed and can involve different colors.

The Caucasian carpets are from the areas south, east and north of the mountain chain of the Caucasus. Carpets can be divided into five groups namely; Kazak, Karabakh, Shirvan, Kuba and Dagestan carpets. Azerbaijan carpet makers use yarn dyes of basic seven colors of varying shades. Unlike chemical dyes, natural colorants do not erode the structure of wool fibbers and are more vibrant. These natural dyes come from plants roots, skin of pomegranates, nuts, leaves, fruits and insects. Imagine, how many insects would you need to gather to produce a rich red color for a carpet? I haven’t been able to find an answer to that question but it means a lot of work.
In order to achieve yellow onion peels, mulberry leaves collected can be used. Roots of madder create a pink colors and indigo is being used for blue tones. At the very end of the yarn dyeing process a dyer adds salt, alum or vinegar into the dye solution to increase the intensity, fastness and durability of colors.The ornamental pattern is characterized by geometrical and vegetal motifs, most of them stylized. These include Gyryz, Gymyl, Gonakend, Shahnezerli and other carpets. On the face of it, the ornamental pattern in the Kuba carpet group may appear to be too mixed and varied. However, on closer examination it becomes evident that all ornaments in the composition strictly follow a common design.

The composition of the center field consists mainly of several gels and ketebe, which come one after another along the main axis in the vertical direction. Around these, there are scattered a lot of larger and smaller elements of different forms. Such elements can be encountered not only in the Kuba group carpets, but also in Shirvan, Baku and even Kazakh carpets with various compositions. The center field of such a compositions is viewed as "achig yerli". i.e. open or non-closed background. The Kuba carpet border ornamental patterns include various stripes, among them a center edge, a smaller edge, medahils. The element that serves as the prime ornament and constitutes the rapport of the edge, is referred to by the weavers as "tongal", i.e. bonfire. Such a name can be assumed to be related to the ancient fire-worshipper's beliefs. The color of the Kuba group carpets background is most often dark-navy blue or dark-sky blue.

Is there any real difference between synthetically and naturally dyed rugs? And if there is, does it matter?

Natural dyes is far superior to chemical dyes for certain reasons:

- With exposure to light all color fades, but natural dyes fade or mellow leaving lighter tones that are just as beautiful, if not more so, than the original colour.

- Natural dyes are more compatible and harmonious with one another. By contrast, chemical colors are easy to use and can produce good results, but have certain drawbacks, in that they can look hard or garish; some fade very quickly, and others fade unevenly leaving blotches.

- One of the key reasons why natural colors look better than chemical colors because they are not 'pure' color: a natural red, for example, will include blue and yellow, whereas a chemical red will only contain red pigment. The impurities of natural dyes, which may comprise from five to 25 percent of the dye, consist of other hues that are similar to the main one, and it is these mixtures that make natural dyes so beautiful and create their harmony with neighboring natural colors. Where one person will see some purple in a hank of gray yarn, another may see some blue in it. To be able to see the difference is partly genetic, like the ability to curl one's tongue lengthwise, and partly a matter of experience. On the other hand, evenness of a synthetically dyed carpet is flat and uninteresting. Natural dye, precisely because of its unevenness, makes color vibrate or sparkle. And for some people this "imperfection," a sign of the artist's hand working natural substances from the garden or fields, has spiritual overtones.

- Natural dyes make different shades at the different time of the day. When these natural dyes expose to the light, they leave lighter tones, which makes them to look beautiful in different way than their original colors.

- Natural-dye enthusiasts see "mellow" hues that sparkle and glow which give aesthetically comfortable feeling. But to be able to see these features one needs, perhaps, a passion for color.

- Natural dyes are substantially less destructive to the environment than the chemical dyes widely in use. Synthetic dyes used in textile dyeing generally cause environmental pollution and health problems in humans.

- Each plant provides an amazing diversity of shades. From one plant one may obtain between 5-15 varying colors and shades. These colors and shades are subtle and tend to harmonize with one another. The resulting fabrics or fibres are now original pieces - it is extremely difficult for anyone to duplicate exactly (even the dyer)

- Natural color is inherently more muted than chemical color, which looks very stark, and so if chemical colors are used while the desired effect is for the 'natural' look, it will be necessary to mix a variety of colors in imitation of nature.

- Color created from natural elements lasts much longer than chemical dyes.